On the semantics of stable inheritance reasoning

by Craig Boutilier

Publisher: University of Toronto, Dept. of Computer Science in Toronto

Written in English
Published: Pages: 29 Downloads: 816
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  • Logic, Symbolic and mathematical,
  • Programming languages (Electronic computers) -- Semantics

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Philippe Schlenker - - Natural Language Semantics 20 (4) Presupposition and the Delimitation of Semantics. Ruth M. Kempson - - Cambridge University Press. 24th International Conference on Logic Programming December , Udine, Italy. Since the first conference held in Marseilles in , ICLP has been the premier international conference for presenting research in logic programming.   In "Nonmonotonic Reasoning," M. Denecker, W. Marek, and M. Truszczynski described an algebraic approach to the semantics of nonmonotonic logics. This work is based on Fitting's theory of logic programs with negation as failure and generalizes this theory to other fix-point formalisms. WOMEN INHERITANCE IN ISLAM AND OBLIGATIONS OF MEN Introduction. zafar kalanauri. Zafar Kalanauri. zafar kalanauri. Zafar Kalanauri. Download PDF Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper.

Publisher: Society of Biblical Literature Publication date: ISBN: Number of pages: The primary purpose of this analysis of lexical semantics in the Greek vocabulary of the New Testament is to provide scholars, translators, and students with a more complete statement about the principles and procedures employed in the preparation of the Greek-English Lexicon of the New. Although dictionaries are books, (7) is unlikely (again out of context) to have the interpretation (8) because dictionaries are usually used as reference books rather than read.3 (8) Mary enjoyed reading the dictionary. In Briscoe et al. (I) and Copestake (I), such cases are allowed for by using a default inheritance hierarchy in the lexicon. Syntax; Advanced Search; New. All new items; Books; Journal articles; Manuscripts; Topics. All Categories; Metaphysics and Epistemology. A special class of partial stable models, the intrinsic ones, is singled out for consideration, the attention of the logic programming and non-monotonic reasoning community to them. We stable model semantics, including the notion of a prudently brave one, continues to apply. 1 Introduction This paper has three closely related purposes.

Get this from a library! Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning: Third International Conference, LPNMR '95, Lexington, KY, USA, June , Proceedings. [V Wiktor Marek; Anil Nerode; Miroslaw Truszcynski] -- This volume contains the revised refereed papers accepted for presentation at the Third International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning. Download Logic Programming And Nonmonotonic Reasoning Book For Free in PDF, EPUB. In order to read online Logic Programming And Nonmonotonic Reasoning textbook, you need to create a FREE account. Read as many books as you like (Personal use) and Join Over Happy Readers. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library. His doctoral dissertation is entitled "The Semantics of Inheritance Networks." He also has an M.E. in Computer Science from the Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore (), and a in Electrical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology at Madras (). Defeasible reasoning is a particular kind of non-demonstrative reasoning, where the reasoning does not produce a full, complete, or final demonstration of a claim, i.e., where fallibility and corrigibility of a conclusion are acknowledged. In other words, defeasible reasoning produces a .

On the semantics of stable inheritance reasoning by Craig Boutilier Download PDF EPUB FB2

ON THE SEMANTICS OF STABLE INHERITANCE REASONING. Craig Boutilier. Department of Computer Science, University of British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z2.

Search for more papers by this author. Craig by: 5. O N THE SEMANTICS OF STABLE INHERITANCE REASONING The Assumption of Normality manifests itself in inheritance reasoning through the inference of â transitivity.â In general, we want the transitive closure of links in a network to hold, if it is consistent with the network.

For instance, given A + B and B -+ C, weâ d like to conclude A -+ C. Bugliesi and Jamil proposed a model-theoretic semantics for value and code inheritance with overriding [5], which bears close resemblance to two-valued stable models [16]. However, their semantics. Boutilier C A semantical approach to stable inheritance reasoning Proceedings of the 11th international joint conference on Artificial intelligence - Volume 2, () Harel D () On visual formalisms, Communications of the ACM,(), Online publication date: 1-May A Denotational Semantics of Inheritance William R.

Cook B. S., Tulane University, Sc. M., Brown University, Thesis Submitted in partial fulfillment of. • What’s so special about commonsense reasoning. • Inheritance Theory, P., Smodels - An Implementation of the Stable Model and Well-Founded Semantics for Normal Logic Programs, Proceedings of the Joint International Conference and Symposium on Logic Pro.

Since the proposed argumentation semantics is a form of stable semantics of nonmonotonic reasoning, it inherits a common problem of the latter where it is. The stable model semantics for logic programming.

In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP), – Huth, M. and Ryan, M. Erik T. Mueller, in Commonsense Reasoning (Second Edition), Bibliographic notes. The stable models semantics for logic programming was introduced by Gelfond and Lifschitz ().Book-length treatments of answer set programming are by Baral (), Gebser, Kaminski, Kaufmann, and Schaub (), and Gelfond and Kahl ().Answer set programming is also discussed by Gelfond ().

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Database and Expert Systems Applications, DEXA '96, held in Zurich, Switzerland, On the semantics of stable inheritance reasoning book September The 77 revised full papers included were selected from a total of nearly submissions.

They report on a broad spectrum of advanced applications and the design of database and expert systems. Since the proposed argumentation semantics is a form of stable semantics of nonmonotonic reasoning, it inherits a common problem of the latter where it is not always defined for every default theory.

We propose a class of stratified default theories for which the argumentation semantics is always defined. (3) The emerging semantics with the evolution of the network.

(4) Diverse models for reasoning (e.g., relational reasoning, analogical reasoning, inductive reasoning, and complex reasoning), prediction and influence. (5) Various influences in the semantic link network, and the method of.

An efficient algorithm for the computation of the stable model semantics of disjunctive logic programs is designed. Both soundness and completeness of the proposed method is formally proven. The computational complexity of the algorithm is also analyzed. Stable Model Semantics of Weight Constraint Rules.

Pages Niemelá1, Ilkka (et al.) Practical Nonmonotonic Reasoning: Extending Inheritance Techniques to Solve Real-World Problems. Pages Morgenstern, Leora. Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning Book Subtitle 5th International Conference, LPNMR '99, El Paso, Texas.

We study the conceptual relationship between the semantics of nonmonotonic inheritance reasoning and argumentation.

We show that the credulous semantics of nonmonotonic inheritance network can be captured by the stable semantics of argumentation. We present a transformation of nonmonotonic inheritance networks into equivalent extended logic.

Using default logic, we formalize NETL-like inheritance hierarchies with exceptions. This provides a number of benefits: (1) A precise semantics for such hierarchies.

(2) A provably correct (with respect to the proof theory of default logic) inference algorithm for acyclic networks. (3) A guarantee that acyclic networks have extensions.

(4) A provably correct quasi-parallel inference algorithm. This book is the most comprehensive description of the decades-long Non-Axiomatic Reasoning System (NARS) project, including its philosophical foundation, methodological consideration, conceptual design details, implications in the related fields, and its similarities and differences to many related works in cognitive science.

While most current works in Artificial Intelligence (AI) focus on. V.W. Marek and J. Remmel, Compactness properties for stable semantics of logic programs, Logical Foundations of Computer Science, Springer Lecture Notes in Computer SciencepagesA review of the book by A.

Bochman "Explanatory Nonmonotonic Reasoning". Theory and Practice of Logic Programming vol. 7, issue 4, The concept of a stable model, or answer set, is used to define a declarative semantics for logic programs with negation as failure.

This is one of several standard approaches to the meaning of negation in logic programming, along with program completion and the well-founded semantics.

restricted form of inheritance reasoning it can still represent and solve most of the inheritance "puzzles" that have appeared in the literature, including the recent heterogeneous inheritance problems. Semantics A model.M, of the inheritance knowledge consists of.

The proposed logic has a formal semantics and a sound and complete resolution-based proof procedure, which makes it also computationally attractive. References 1 S. Abiteboul and C. Beeri. One common ground is nonmonotonic reasoning, a family of logics that includes room for the kinds of variations that can be found in human reasoning.

Topics Stable Semantics • Default Logic • AutoEpistemic Logic • Truth Maintenance Systems • Implementation Issues • Diagnosis • Applications • Inheritance Reasoning • Logics of.

and e–cient type checking during logic reasoning. The type equality and multi inheritance make Web-PDDL more expressive for describing semantic mapping rules between difierent ontologies. 1 Introduction Web-PDDL is a strongly typed flrst order language with Lisp like syntax.

The ability to express namespaces with URIs and preflxes makes. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): We present a new approach to reasoning with specificity which subsumes inheritance reasoning.

The new approach differs from other approaches in the literature in the way priority between defaults is handled. Here, it is context sensitive rather than context independent as in other approaches. An ASP approach for reasoning in a concept-aware multipreferential lightweight DL - Volume 20 Issue 5.

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda). We study the conceptual relationship between the semantics of nonmonotonic inheritance reasoning and argumentation. We show that the credulous semantics of nonmonotonic inheritance network can be captured by the stable semantics of argumentation.

We present a transformation of nonmonotonic inheritance. a powerful default-handling system that yields an intuitive behavior in several domains of interest in AI, including inheritance hierarchies, reasoning about change, general logic programs, and abductive reasoning Defaults in commonsense reasoning permit the generation of useful predictions in the absence of complete information.

However, attempts to represent and reason with defaults in Al. This book, Applications and Practices in Ontology Design, Extraction, and Reasoning, has as its main goal the provision of an overview of application fields for semantic web technologies.

In particular, it investigates how state-of-the-art formal languages, models, methods, and applications of semantic web technologies reframe research.

Wiktor Marek is Professor of Computer Science at the University of Kentucky. Subrahmanian is Assistant Professor of Computer Science at the University of covered: Stable Semantics.

Default Logic. AutoEpistemic Logic. Truth Maintenance Systems. Implementation Issues. Diagnosis. Applications. Inheritance Reasoning. Logics of. Induction (no, it is not the recursion again read also ingredient 2!) A language, or if you want to be more informal and breezy, a system aiming at reasoning (on knowledge graphs) and that wants to be ready for probabilistic reasoning must be able to express non-ground inductive definitions [3,4].

An inductive definition is a definition given in terms of itself, and it must be sound. Get this from a library! Non-Monotonic Reasoning: 2nd International Workshop, Grassau, FRG, JuneProceedings.

[Michael Reinfrank; Matthew L Ginsberg; Johan de Kleer; Erik Sandewall] -- This volume contains revised and extended versions of the papers presented at the Second International Workshop on Non-Monotonic Reasoning, held in Grassau (FRG), JuneIn object-oriented programming, inheritance is the mechanism of basing an object or class upon another object (prototype-based inheritance) or class (class-based inheritance), retaining similar defined as deriving new classes (sub classes) from existing ones such as super class or base class and then forming them into a hierarchy of classes.The book concentrates on Semantic Web technologies standardized by the World Wide Web Consortium: RDF and SPARQL enable data exchange and querying, RDFS and OWL provide expressive ontology modeling, and RIF supports rule-based modeling.

The text also describes methods for specifying, querying, and reasoning with ontological information.